May 19, 2019 By Lisa
Make a journey to Mars with a brand new video from NASA! This animation reveals an summary of Mount Sharp, location at present explored by the Curiosity cell. It additionally reveals the trail that Curiosity will take within the coming years to climb the slopes of the mountain and be taught extra concerning the geology and historical past of the planet.
The map was created utilizing information from a spacecraft in orbit, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). The MRO presents a collection of devices, together with the Excessive Decision Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), the Mars Compact Recognition Imaging Spectrometer (CRISM) and the Contextual Digicam (CTX), which have all offered info permitting scientists to create a 3D mannequin this space of the floor of Mars.
Curiosity is at present in an space referred to as clay-containing unit, which, in line with scientists, incorporates many clay minerals. That is necessary as a result of clay is fashioned within the presence of water, so minerals might point out that there was floor water on this space sooner or later in historical past. Though it’s recognized that Mars had floor water billions of years in the past, it misplaced its water over time to kind the dry, arid panorama that’s there immediately.
As soon as Curiosity has crossed the clay unit, she’s going to head to the cliffs situated above. These cliffs have been designated because the sulphate unit as a result of orbits gathering information on the floor of the planet have detected sulphate minerals on this area. The presence of sulphate signifies that the previous water may have grow to be extra acidic on this area. Scientists hope to check the rocks discovered within the clay and sulphate zones to grasp how the atmosphere and climate circumstances of Mars have modified over the course of hundreds of thousands of years.
One other focal point to discover is the gorge of an historical river, referred to as Gediz Vallis Canal. This channel winds by the sulphate unit and the orbiters have noticed rocks and particles suggesting that that they had been washed away by a river whereas the water on the floor was current. This zone, nevertheless, represents a time period completely totally different from that of the clay and sulphated areas, as a result of it’s fashioned lengthy after the fixation of the minerals. This provides scientists the chance to check totally different intervals of Martian historical past on this geographical space.